Hydroponics is defined as the cultivation of plants in water. However, research as been conducted to show that many other things play a role besides just the water, therefore the definition has been broadened to read the cultivation of plants without the use of soil. When using hydroponics, you have much more control over your
Hydroponics is defined as the cultivation of plants in water. However, research as been conducted to show that many other things play a role besides just the water, therefore the definition has been broadened to read the cultivation of plants without the use of soil.
When using hydroponics, you have much more control over your growing then you do with soil, because simply adding the right amount of nutrients in the water guarantees that you will have the right amount of food for your plants. In soil it can be much more difficult to diagnose when you are short mineral trace elements, because you really don’t know what was missing to begin with.
Due to the lack of fertile farmland and soil as well as the lack of a large water supply, plant growers are using hydroponics as a way of growing their plants. There are some plant growers such as home gardeners who use hydroponics on a small scale to grow such things as vegetables all year round, and to grow plants that can survive in smaller places.
On a larger scale, greenhouses and nurseries grow their plants in soulless bark-based growing mix.
There are many advantages of using hydroponics. One the most annoying things about growing plants through the use of soil is the presence of weeds. Most gardeners will tell you that this is what they hate most. Through the use of hydroponics, there will be no weeds to remove. Also, there will be no soil-born pests and diseases to fight against, as they will be eliminated completely.
Another huge advantage to hydroponics over soil, is that in hydroponics you can grow your plants up to 10 times faster than in soil. In soil your plants have to develop a very long and very integrated root system to get all the water and nutrients they need out of the earth. Your plants need to develop a massive root system in the soil in order to get everything that’s essential for them to grow quickly. So with a plant grown in soil you would see a very large root system under the ground, but a very small plant above ground.
It has been found that plants grown through the use of hydroponics are healthier and more vigorous due to the fact that all of the necessary growth elements are readily available. This allows the plants to mature faster. Hydroponics gardens use less space since the roots do not have to spread out in search for food and water.
Those people who use hydroponics say the greatest advantage to using this system of plant growth is that you have the ability to control everything. You control the environment and it can even be set up on a timer. Automation as it is called, provides flexibility to the gardener as one can be gone for long periods of time without having to worry about watering the plants.
Plants grown in hydroponics versus soil is not only easier to grow, but they grow much faster as well.
Hydroponics makes it quick and simple for anyone in the world to easily grow their own plants for food, or for medicinal herbs. Hydroponics makes growing organics available to anybody with a source of fresh water and electricity. Hydroponics is even being developed by NASA by use of the space station. One day our astronauts will be eating food grown from a hydroponic system, just as you are about to embark on.
So in summary, Hydroponics essentially gives your plants everything they want, in effect they are but spoon-fed, making them grow very fast. If you were to enhance your hydroponic system by using CO2, your plants can grow even double that speed.
However, that is the subject of another discussion altogether.
This video show a really practical eaxample of hydroponics in action